Research Grants

/Research Grants
Research Grants 2018-03-22T10:36:45+00:00

To support rigorous research, GATE offers annual research grants to qualified applicants.

All of our grant recipients from 2018-19 and 2017-18 are listed below. Subscribe to our newsletter and follow us to see the latest updates and insights.

2018-2019 Grant Recipients

Baker, Halberstam, Kroft, Mas, Messacar
Michael Baker, Yosh Halberstam, Kory Kroft, Alexandre Mas, & Derek Messacar
Department of Economics

Salary disclosure laws and the gender wage gap

The gender wage gap in Canada has narrowed over time, but it remains significant. One hypothesis is that the pay gap persists because it is hidden. Building on this hypothesis, policy makers in many countries, including Canada, the US, the UK, and Norway, have proposed various pay disclosure requirements. The objective of this project is to test this hypothesis using worker-level data from Statistic Canada spanning over 40 years. We plan to exploit provincial variation in pay disclosure laws, and the timing of their implementation, to estimate the impact of such salary disclosure laws on the gender wage gap.
Nadia Caidi, Saadia Muzaffar
Nadia Caidi & Saadia Muzaffar
Faculty of Information (iSchool), Founder of TechGirls

Compounding Losses: Labour struggles of immigrant women in STEM

Among university graduates in Canada aged 25 to 34, immigrant women are twice as likely to have a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) degree as Canadian-born women (23% versus 13%). Yet, immigrant women face some of the highest levels of labour market challenges in Canada across indicators, including: unemployment rate, wage gap, part-time employment, and low-income rate. We seek to document the complex gendered "work-finding" hurdles for immigrant women in STEM fields in order to begin examining the Loss on Investment (LOI) being absorbed by the Canadian economy due to this untapped talent.

Hasley, Khapko, Ornthanalai
Michael Hasler, Mariana Khapko, & Chayawat Ornthanalai
Finance

Gender differences in labour income dynamics as drivers of financial decision making

Labour income risk has been increasingly recognized as an important factor that affects individuals' decision-making processes. Given the structural differences in labour market access between men and women, and their constraints, we want to investigate whether such differences lead women and men to make different portfolio allocation choices; shifting their investments between "risky" and "non-risky" assets during periods of earnings shocks.

Joyce, Sonia, Nica
Joyce He, Sonia Kang, & Nico Lacetera
OBHRM & PhD, OBHRM, & OBHRM

Choice architecture and women’s leadership ascension

In most organizations, promotion into leadership typically requires self-nomination via an application. However, past research clearly suggests that this process could put women at a disadvantage. Approaching this problem from a behavioral science perspective, we propose to apply well-established findings on "choice architecture" to the choice of applying for leadership positions. We hypothesize that using the "opt-out" choice framework will take the onus off of women (or people of any gender) to "lean in" to apply and compete.
Jing and Geoffrey
Jing Hu & Geoffrey Leonardelli
OBHRM & PhD, OBHRM & psychology

Think-Leader-Think-Women: People turn to women leaders for teams with hidden goals

For this research, we propose that women are more likely than men to emerge as leaders, i.e., when teams must uncover hidden goals. Such goals require optimizing the team's capability given environmental constraints, and are thus goals we think that women will be more effective at identifying. Supporting this contention, the goal pursuit literature indicates that women are more likely to optimize goals by controlling and accommodating the environment, whereas men tend to rely on solely controlling the environment. Thus, we propose that women more than men will identify hidden goals, align the team behind such goals, and thus emerge as leaders among their team's members.

Hani Mansour, Pamela Medina Quispe, & Andrea Velasquez
Hani Mansour, Pamela Medina Quispe, & Andrea Velasquez
Department of Economics

The Labor Market Impacts of Import Competition on Female Workers: Evidence from Peru

Trade liberalization affects labor market outcomes for male and female workers. In this study, we examine the gender-specific effects of exposure to import competition in Peru after China's accession to the WTO. By considering employment substitution within and across industries and in local labor markets, we aim to quantify the impact of import competition on labor market outcomes of females, as well as the main underlying channels. The outcomes of the study would inform policy makers about potential policies to mitigate the effects of globalization on the economic and social status of women - particularly in developing and low-income countries.

Moorthy, Pogacar, and Xu
Sridhar Moorthy, Ruth Pogacar, & Yang Xu
Marketing

Naming Brand Names: Is there a gender strategy?

When naming humans, clear gender conventions exist. In turn, people associate particular genders with particular characteristics. Do these stereotypes also apply to brand names? For example, is Nike (which is analogous to Mike) a "masculine brand"? If so, is that a desirable association to have? The broader question is whether-or-not firms have a gender strategy when naming brands. If so, what are they trying to accomplish when they make these choices? With this research, we seek to answer these questions.

Wally Smieliauskas, Jessie Zhu
Wally Smieliauskas & Jessie Zhu
Accounting

An analysis of the organizational and economic consequences of gender equity policies

Sexual harassment is likely correlated to firm culture and other gender issues, such as gender pay inequities and LGBQT+ friendliness. This culture may finally be changing given the recent emergence of high profile harassment cases that led to the #MeToo movement; Which may act as an important catalyst of change throughout business and society. Thus, we aim to examine and document how the #MeToo movement changes the extent to which firms' gender policies are correlated with creativity, profitability, market valuation, sustainability, etc.

2017-2018 Grant Recipients

Mikhail Simutin
Finance

Impact on the gender pay gap of CEO exposure to gender imbalance during formative years

This project will explore the impact of formative years of CEOs on the gender gap in corporate offices that they manage. Specifically, it will assess the role of demographic characteristics of the area where the CEO grew up, his or her education and family background on the gender pay gap among corporate officers, capital allocation to and promotions of male and female managers, and other aspects of differential treatment of men and women.
András Tilcsik
Strategy

Scaling Up Gender Equality (how different ratings scales shape outcomes by gender)

This project explores how different rating scales (e.g., 1 to 5 versus 1 to 10) magnify or attenuate differences in scores given to men and women in evaluations. By revealing which types of scales can reduce gender bias, our research has the potential to illuminate concrete interventions to reduce bias and advance women’s careers.
Hadiya Roderique
PhD, OBHRM

Race, Gender and Agency in Leadership: An Examination of Intersectional Identities and Agentic Penalties

This research project will examine the effect of different agentic, leadership behaviors on evaluations of Black and White women leaders. I predict that unlike their White counterparts, Black women will be protected from agentic penalties where the described behavior aligns with stereotypes associated with their race and gender.
Daehyun Kim
Accounting

Adding More Women to Corporate Boards: The Impact on Boards’ Advisory Effectiveness

We ask whether adding more women directors to corporate boards affects the boards’ advisory effectiveness, by measuring women directors’ incremental expertise contribution. By providing empirical evidence on the current, world-wide debate on female director quotas, this study could yield crucial policy implications.
Avni Shah & Amber Holden
Marketing & PhD, OBHRM

Playing the Inside Game versus the Outside Offer Game: How Men and Women Respond to Workplace Successes and Failures May Drive the Gender Pay Gap

It is well known that there is a gender pay gap; women receive less pay than men for doing the same work in the same positions. We propose that this discrepancy may be partially driven by differences in the way women and men respond to successes and failures in the workplace. More specifically, we propose that women may respond to losing out on a promotion by increasing their commitment inside the workplace (i.e., increasing organizational citizenship behaviours) while men, in contrast, may be more likely to increase their utility to the organization by searching for a higher paying outside offer (subsequently leading the employer to match the offer, creating this pay gap).
Sonia-Kang-Chong-He
Sonia Kang & Chong He
OBHRM & PhD, OBHRM

Shifting Stereotypes to Improve Leadership Aspiration and Self‐Efficacy among Female Leaders

In this project, we aim to develop a novel and impactful intervention for reducing barriers to leadership among women in a way that minimizes backlash and negative spillover effects. By changing the framing of the leadership role to include more traditionally feminine attributes, we hope to increase the perceived compatibility between the female gender role and the leader role and to increase leadership aspiration and leadership self‐efficacy among women.
Nicole Cohen
School of Information, U of T
Dynamics of Gender and Race in Canadian Journalism Industries is an interview-based project that investigates the challenges and opportunities facing women and women of colour in the expanding digital journalism industry, with an aim to increase meaningful and equitable participation of women and women of colour in journalism in Canada.
Laura Derksen
Laura Derksen
Strategy

Barriers to Reporting Sexual Harassment and Assault

Sexual harassment and assault are under reported in academic and professional environments, and organizations often lack evidence-based reporting policy. We use a randomized experiment, among university students, to test innovative reporting tools that make reporting easier and increase credibility by matching students who report the same offender; these tools are designed to encourage reporting and deter perpetrators.
Anne Bowers
Anne Bowers
Strategy

Gender and Awards in Financial Industries

For many professions, especially in finance, career progression and promotion relies heavily on awards and public recognition. Our project examines the role of gender in receiving awards, particularly the impact of pioneering women who receive awards as well as the impact of gender/role typical behavior.

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To support rigorous research, GATE offers annual research grants to qualified applicants.

All of our grant recipients from 2018-19 and 2017-18 are listed below. Subscribe to our newsletter and follow us to see the latest updates and insights.

2018-2019 Grant Recipients

Baker, Halberstam, Kroft, Mas, Messacar
Michael Baker, Yosh Halberstam, Kory Kroft, Alexandre Mas, & Derek Messacar
Department of Economics

Salary disclosure laws and the gender wage gap

The gender wage gap in Canada has narrowed over time, but it remains significant. One hypothesis is that the pay gap persists because it is hidden. Building on this hypothesis, policy makers in many countries, including Canada, the US, the UK, and Norway, have proposed various pay disclosure requirements. The objective of this project is to test this hypothesis using worker-level data from Statistic Canada spanning over 40 years. We plan to exploit provincial variation in pay disclosure laws, and the timing of their implementation, to estimate the impact of such salary disclosure laws on the gender wage gap.
Nadia Caidi, Saadia Muzaffar
Nadia Caidi & Saadia Muzaffar
Faculty of Information (iSchool), Founder of TechGirls

Compounding Losses: Labour struggles of immigrant women in STEM

Among university graduates in Canada aged 25 to 34, immigrant women are twice as likely to have a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) degree as Canadian-born women (23% versus 13%). Yet, immigrant women face some of the highest levels of labour market challenges in Canada across indicators, including: unemployment rate, wage gap, part-time employment, and low-income rate. We seek to document the complex gendered "work-finding" hurdles for immigrant women in STEM fields in order to begin examining the Loss on Investment (LOI) being absorbed by the Canadian economy due to this untapped talent.

Hasley, Khapko, Ornthanalai
Michael Hasler, Mariana Khapko, & Chayawat Ornthanalai
Finance

Gender differences in labour income dynamics as drivers of financial decision making

Labour income risk has been increasingly recognized as an important factor that affects individuals' decision-making processes. Given the structural differences in labour market access between men and women, and their constraints, we want to investigate whether such differences lead women and men to make different portfolio allocation choices; shifting their investments between "risky" and "non-risky" assets during periods of earnings shocks.

Joyce, Sonia, Nica
Joyce He, Sonia Kang, & Nico Lacetera
OBHRM & PhD, OBHRM, & OBHRM

Choice architecture and women’s leadership ascension

In most organizations, promotion into leadership typically requires self-nomination via an application. However, past research clearly suggests that this process could put women at a disadvantage. Approaching this problem from a behavioral science perspective, we propose to apply well-established findings on "choice architecture" to the choice of applying for leadership positions. We hypothesize that using the "opt-out" choice framework will take the onus off of women (or people of any gender) to "lean in" to apply and compete.
Jing and Geoffrey
Jing Hu & Geoffrey Leonardelli
OBHRM & PhD, OBHRM & psychology

Think-Leader-Think-Women: People turn to women leaders for teams with hidden goals

For this research, we propose that women are more likely than men to emerge as leaders, i.e., when teams must uncover hidden goals. Such goals require optimizing the team's capability given environmental constraints, and are thus goals we think that women will be more effective at identifying. Supporting this contention, the goal pursuit literature indicates that women are more likely to optimize goals by controlling and accommodating the environment, whereas men tend to rely on solely controlling the environment. Thus, we propose that women more than men will identify hidden goals, align the team behind such goals, and thus emerge as leaders among their team's members.

Hani Mansour, Pamela Medina Quispe, & Andrea Velasquez
Hani Mansour, Pamela Medina Quispe, & Andrea Velasquez
Department of Economics

The Labor Market Impacts of Import Competition on Female Workers: Evidence from Peru

Trade liberalization affects labor market outcomes for male and female workers. In this study, we examine the gender-specific effects of exposure to import competition in Peru after China's accession to the WTO. By considering employment substitution within and across industries and in local labor markets, we aim to quantify the impact of import competition on labor market outcomes of females, as well as the main underlying channels. The outcomes of the study would inform policy makers about potential policies to mitigate the effects of globalization on the economic and social status of women - particularly in developing and low-income countries.

Moorthy, Pogacar, and Xu
Sridhar Moorthy, Ruth Pogacar, & Yang Xu
Marketing

Naming Brand Names: Is there a gender strategy?

When naming humans, clear gender conventions exist. In turn, people associate particular genders with particular characteristics. Do these stereotypes also apply to brand names? For example, is Nike (which is analogous to Mike) a "masculine brand"? If so, is that a desirable association to have? The broader question is whether-or-not firms have a gender strategy when naming brands. If so, what are they trying to accomplish when they make these choices? With this research, we seek to answer these questions.

Wally Smieliauskas, Jessie Zhu
Wally Smieliauskas & Jessie Zhu
Accounting

An analysis of the organizational and economic consequences of gender equity policies

Sexual harassment is likely correlated to firm culture and other gender issues, such as gender pay inequities and LGBQT+ friendliness. This culture may finally be changing given the recent emergence of high profile harassment cases that led to the #MeToo movement; Which may act as an important catalyst of change throughout business and society. Thus, we aim to examine and document how the #MeToo movement changes the extent to which firms' gender policies are correlated with creativity, profitability, market valuation, sustainability, etc.

2017-2018 Grant Recipients

Mikhail Simutin
Finance

Impact on the gender pay gap of CEO exposure to gender imbalance during formative years

This project will explore the impact of formative years of CEOs on the gender gap in corporate offices that they manage. Specifically, it will assess the role of demographic characteristics of the area where the CEO grew up, his or her education and family background on the gender pay gap among corporate officers, capital allocation to and promotions of male and female managers, and other aspects of differential treatment of men and women.
András Tilcsik
Strategy

Scaling Up Gender Equality (how different ratings scales shape outcomes by gender)

This project explores how different rating scales (e.g., 1 to 5 versus 1 to 10) magnify or attenuate differences in scores given to men and women in evaluations. By revealing which types of scales can reduce gender bias, our research has the potential to illuminate concrete interventions to reduce bias and advance women’s careers.
Hadiya Roderique
PhD, OBHRM

Race, Gender and Agency in Leadership: An Examination of Intersectional Identities and Agentic Penalties

This research project will examine the effect of different agentic, leadership behaviors on evaluations of Black and White women leaders. I predict that unlike their White counterparts, Black women will be protected from agentic penalties where the described behavior aligns with stereotypes associated with their race and gender.
Daehyun Kim
Accounting

Adding More Women to Corporate Boards: The Impact on Boards’ Advisory Effectiveness

We ask whether adding more women directors to corporate boards affects the boards’ advisory effectiveness, by measuring women directors’ incremental expertise contribution. By providing empirical evidence on the current, world-wide debate on female director quotas, this study could yield crucial policy implications.
Avni Shah & Amber Holden
Marketing & PhD, OBHRM

Playing the Inside Game versus the Outside Offer Game: How Men and Women Respond to Workplace Successes and Failures May Drive the Gender Pay Gap

It is well known that there is a gender pay gap; women receive less pay than men for doing the same work in the same positions. We propose that this discrepancy may be partially driven by differences in the way women and men respond to successes and failures in the workplace. More specifically, we propose that women may respond to losing out on a promotion by increasing their commitment inside the workplace (i.e., increasing organizational citizenship behaviours) while men, in contrast, may be more likely to increase their utility to the organization by searching for a higher paying outside offer (subsequently leading the employer to match the offer, creating this pay gap).
Sonia-Kang-Chong-He
Sonia Kang & Chong He
OBHRM & PhD, OBHRM

Shifting Stereotypes to Improve Leadership Aspiration and Self‐Efficacy among Female Leaders

In this project, we aim to develop a novel and impactful intervention for reducing barriers to leadership among women in a way that minimizes backlash and negative spillover effects. By changing the framing of the leadership role to include more traditionally feminine attributes, we hope to increase the perceived compatibility between the female gender role and the leader role and to increase leadership aspiration and leadership self‐efficacy among women.
Nicole Cohen
School of Information, U of T
Dynamics of Gender and Race in Canadian Journalism Industries is an interview-based project that investigates the challenges and opportunities facing women and women of colour in the expanding digital journalism industry, with an aim to increase meaningful and equitable participation of women and women of colour in journalism in Canada.
Laura Derksen
Laura Derksen
Strategy

Barriers to Reporting Sexual Harassment and Assault

Sexual harassment and assault are under reported in academic and professional environments, and organizations often lack evidence-based reporting policy. We use a randomized experiment, among university students, to test innovative reporting tools that make reporting easier and increase credibility by matching students who report the same offender; these tools are designed to encourage reporting and deter perpetrators.
Anne Bowers
Anne Bowers
Strategy

Gender and Awards in Financial Industries

For many professions, especially in finance, career progression and promotion relies heavily on awards and public recognition. Our project examines the role of gender in receiving awards, particularly the impact of pioneering women who receive awards as well as the impact of gender/role typical behavior.

Newsletter

Sign up to our email newsletter to receive information about research, events and education.

We’re talking about

Recent Tweets